The Human Eye

Eye Schematic
Retina Schematic
Retina
Protein Schematic
Light Sensitive Protein
Rod Schematic
Outer Segment of Rod
Rhodopsin is a protein in the membrane of the photoreceptor cell in the retina of the eye. It catalyses the only light sensitive step in vision. The 11-cis-retinal chromophore lies in a pocket of the protein and is isomerised to all-trans retinal when light is absorbed. The isomerisation of retinal leads to a change of the shape of rhodopsin which triggers a cascade of reactions which lead to a nerve impulse which is transmitted to the brain by the optical nerve.

 

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Gebhard Schertler, gfx@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk