Regulation of cell shape by the cytoskeleton during tissue morphogenesis
Epithelia constitute one of the major tissue types in all animals and form the basic building blocks of tubular organs in both vertebrates and invertebrates. Simple epithelial sheets are also the basic starting point in the development of most animals. We want to dissect how simple epithelial sheets deform in a highly concerted manner to turn into complex tubular tissue shapes.
We use the formation of the tubes of the salivary glands in the Drosophila embryos as our main model system, but have also begun to compare our findings to the related process of budding morpho-genesis in embryonic mouse lungs. Coordinated changes in the shape of many neighbouring cells, as well as cell rearrangements are the major drivers of tissue formation. Cell shape changes are driven by the intracellular cytoskeleton. We have in the past shown how crosstalk between the actomyosin cytoskeleton and microtubules is crucial to maintain a pool of actomyosin that drives apical constriction of cells during tissue bending. Coordination between cytoskeletal responses between neighbouring cells allows concerted tissue-scale changes in shape, often mediated through cell-cell adhesion receptors. We discovered that the apical polarity protein Crumbs, through newly identified homophilic interactions of its extracellular domain,can determine where a multicellular actomyosin cable is formed.
In the future, we will further dissect how cytoskeletal crosstalk is regulated, and how cell-cell interactions affect and coordinate cytoskeletal activity. We will also use imaging and computational methods to segment and track epithelial cells in 3D over time to uncover novel cell behaviours that drive tube formation.
- Girdler, G. C., Applewhite, D. A., Perry, W. M. G., Rogers, S. L., & Röper, K. (2015)
The Gas2 family protein Pigs is a microtubule +TIP that affects cytoskeleton organisation.
J. Cell Science, doi:10.1242/jcs.176230
- Röper, K. (2015)
Integration of cell-cell adhesion and contractile actomyosin activity during morphogenesis.
Curr. Top. Dev. Biol. 112: 103-127
- Booth, A.J.R., Blanchard, G.B., Adams, R.J. and Röper, K. (2014)
A Dynamic Microtubule Cytoskeleton Directs Medial Actomyosin Function during Tube Formation
Developmental Cell 29(5): 562–576
- Thompson, B.J., Pichaud, F. and Röper, K. (2013)
Sticking together the Crumbs - an unexpected function for an old friend
Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 14(5): 307-314
- Röper, K. (2012)
Anisotropy of Crumbs and aPKC drives myosin cable assembly during tube formation.
Dev. Cell. 23: 939-953
- Pines, M.K., Housden, B., Bernard, F., Bray, S.J. and Röper K. (2010)
The cytolinker Pigs is a direct target and a negative regulator of Notch signalling.
Development 137: 913-922
- Maybeck, V. and Röper K., (2009)
A targeted gain-of-function screen identifies genes affecting salivary gland morphogenesis/tubulogenesis in Drosophila.
Genetics 181: 543-565
- Clara Sidor
- Yara Sanchez-Corrales
- Dina Ashour
- Ghislain Gillard